~~~~***************~~~~*NOTE: Clicking on the apologist's name will take you to the search results at the University of Pennsylvania's "Online Book" search.
- GLEASON ARCHER (1916-2004). A brief biography and bibiography. Archer's biography printed in memorial in the Journal of The Evangelical Theological Society. Dr. Archer "Lectures on Assumed Errors in the Old Testament."
- F.F. BRUCE (1910-1990). "Theology on the Web" hosts an extensive list of his works (with links and many FREE pdf files). "Theopedia" has a brief biography and other resources for Bruce.
- G.K. CHESTERTON (1874-1936). Chesterton was one of the great writers of the early 20th Century and had a huge influence on C.S. Lewis. He is well known for his works of apologetics, especially Orthodoxy (also on Kindle or audiobook), The Everlasting Man (also on audio), and Heretics (available on Kindle at Amazon or Audiobook from Librivox). But he is also well known for his poetry and fiction, especially his "Father Brown" mysteries, which have been adapted for television. You can find 49 of his works in audiobook at Librivox. A brief biography, list of quotes and collection of his works is found at the Christian Classics Ethereal Library. There is a wealth of information about Chesterton and his writings at The American Chesterton Society (including some notable theological essays). Christian History Magazine has an entire issue devoted to Chesterton (which is FREE in PDF). A critique of Chesterton that I found in the November 25, 1905 issue of The Outlook.
- DONALD GUTHRIE (1916-1992). "Theology on the Web" has a significant bibliography for Guthrie (with links and FREE pdf files). Guthrie was one of the great New Testament scholars of the 20th Century. Of particular interest are his articles on "The Development of the Idea of Canonical Pseudopigraphy in New Testament Criticism," "Dilemmas in New Testament Criticism" and "Biblical Authority and New Testament Scholarship." A brief biography and more extensive bibliography can be found at "Reformed Churchmen.
- COLIN J. HEMER (1930-1987). "Theology on the Web" has a substantial bibliography for Hemer (with links and FREE pdf files). I also found this brief biography/obituary of Hemer written by D.A. Carson.
- CARL F. HENRY (1913-2003). "Theology on the Web" has a substantial bibliography for Henry (with links and FREE pdf files). A biography of Henry can be found at Christianity Today (of which he was the first editor). "Theopedia" has a brief page for Henry. A much more concise biography is hosted at Wheaton College (Henry's alma mater).
- C.S. LEWIS (1898-1963). Audiobooks of God in the Dock, Letters to Malcolm, The Weight of Glory, and What Christians Believe are all FREE. The audiobook version of The Pilgrim's Regress is FREE at YouTube. And his classic The Abolition of Man is FREE here. Mere Christianity is available for FREE in ebook or audiobook. Perhaps no other book written in the 20th Century has had a greater impact than this classic. Mere Christianity was chosen as one of the top 25 Christian books of all time by Christian History Magazine, which devoted an article to it that serves as a very nice introduction. You can find a brief biography of Lewis (and much more) here. Find his important article "Modern Theology and Biblical Criticism" here (also titled "Fern-seeds and Elephants and Other Essays on Christianity". A very large number of articles, essays, etc. by and about Lewis are hosted in the "C.S. Lewis Reading Room." Christian History Magazine has two entire issues (#7 & #88) devoted to Lewis (which are FREE in PDF). And Hillsdale College has a FREE online course on Lewis. Lewis' Life & Works and Annotated Bibliography at the C.S. Lewis Institute. "Theology on the Web" also has a brief bibliography with links. And "Theopedia" has a large page of various resources. A nice Timeline of Lewis' life is at "The Official Web Site of C.S. Lewis."
- J. GRESHAM MACHEN (1881-1937). Find Machen's Christianity and Liberalismavailable for FREE in ebook or audiobook or read online or for 99 cents on Kindle. Machen was one of the great scholars of the early 20th Century. (I cut my teeth on his New Testament Greek for Beginners during my first year of Greek.) He recognized the Trojan Horse of liberalism and wrote this prophetic classic to awake the Church. "Theopedia" has an excellent page of resources for Machen. "Theology on the Web" hosts a nice bibliography of Machen (with links and FREE pdf files). A brief biography of Machen can be found here.
- WALTER R. MARTIN (1928-1989). Martin was a popular apologist and leading expert on the cults. He founded the Christian Research Institute (CRI) in 1960. He was probably best known for his classic book Kingdom of the Cults and for his role as "The Bible Answer Man" (succeeded by Hank Hanegraaff). There are two websites that archive things about his life and work: Walter Martin's Religious InfoNet and Walter Martin Jude 3. Theopedia has an excellent page of resources about him. There are also YouTubes of his lectures available.
- RONALD NASH (1936-2006). Nash was a brilliant and witty professor of philosophy and an author. None of his books are in the public domain but eight of his excellent seminary courses are archived in audio at Biblical Training. And you can find a brief biography of Nash, bibliographies, and other resources here.
- JOHN BARTON PAYNE (1922-1979). "Theology on the Web" has a substantial bibliography for Payne (with links). A brief biography of Payne and an excerpt from one of his sermons.
- SIR WILLIAM MITCHELL RAMSAY (1851-1939). I highly recommend St. Paul the Traveler and the Roman Citizen (1895, 1907), which is FREE at Christian Classics Ethereal Library, where you will also find a nice summary of the book and a short biography of Ramsay. And here is a short article by Don Stewart quoting from this book and showing how Sir William Ramsay is related to settling the question of the historicity of Acts.
- FRANCIS SCHAEFFER (1912-1984). "The Real Francis Schaeffer" is a 57-minute talk by 3 different speakers who knew him. "Francis Schaeffer's 'True Truth'" is a 39-minute audio by Os Guiness. FrancisSchaefferStudies.org is a website dedicated to the study of the works of Francis and Edith Schaeffer--an amazing resource! "Theology on the Web" has a significant bibliography for Schaeffer (with links). And "Theopedia" also has an excellent variety of resources.
- B.B. WARFIELD (1851-1921). "Theology on the Web" hosts an significant list of his works (with links and many FREE pdf files). The B.B. Warfield website is definitely worth checking out. A FREE version of Warfield's The Canon of the New Testament: How and When Formed. An article written with Archibald Hodge on the inspiration of Scripture. "Theopedia" has a biography and other resources for Warfield.
- R.A. TORREY (1856-1928). An excellent biography of Torrey. Other biographical resources. Torrey edited The Fundamentals, a classic 4-volume defense of the faith published between 1910 and 1916, to which he contributed the following essay: "The Deity of Jesus Christ." More info about this work at Theopedia and this article: "The Untold Story of the Fundamentals." Also see: "Ten Reasons Why I Believe the Bible Is the Word of God" (1891).
- Digital Public Library of America has 51 ebooks in the category "Apologetics--History--20th Century."
- Digital Public Library of America has 15 ebooks in the category "Apologetics--20th Century."
- The Online Books Page (University of Pennsylvania) has 2 ebooks in the category "Apologetics--History--20th Century."
*Works of Dead Apologists: Resources for Study
*Apologetic Methodologies Past and Present: A series of 5 lectures by Phil Fernandes. Part of the Tabor Lecture Series at Western Reformed Seminary. A lot of focus on various apologists of the 20th Century.
*The Library of Historical Apologetics: An excellent resource by Dr. Timothy McGrew.
*"A Course of Readings in Apologetics": Dr. Timothy McGrew's recommended readings include many books from this period.
*"Juridical Apologists 1600-2000 AD: A Bio-Bibliographical Essay" by Philip Johnson
*Dead Apologists Society: An evangelical Facebook group for discussing the works of past apologists. I encourage you to join.
*The Biblical Legacy of Old Princeton: A lecture from the Tabor Lecture Series at Western Reformed Seminary.
*Top 10 *FREE* Classic Apologetics Books in ebook and audio
*Brief profiles of apologists from the past at Apologetics315
*A History of Apologetics by Avery Cardinal Dulles. You can find a 3-part review of this book here.
*Christian Apologetics Past and Present (Volume 1, To 1500 AD): A Primary Source Reader, edited by William Edgar and K. Scott Oliphint
*Christian Apologetics Past and Present (Volume 2, From 1500 AD): A Primary Source Reader, edited by William Edgar and K. Scott Oliphint
*Christian Apologetics: An Anthology of Primary Sources, edited by Khaldoun A. Sweis and Chad V. Meister